Are Commuters in the EU Better Educated than Non-Commuters but Worse than Migrants?
Austrian Institute of Economic Research, Austria
We analyse the skill structure of commuters in 15 EU countries. Theory suggests that higher returns to education in recieving regions, shorter commuting distances and a greater importance of skill dependent commuting costs favour positive selection of commuters. Empirically all types of commuters in most EU countries are more skilled than non-commuters, internal commuters (in particular to capital city regions) are more strongly selected than cross-border commuters, selectivity of commuters reduces with distance commuted and cross-border commuters more often than migrants have an intermediary educational attainment but less often a completed tertiary education.
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