Birthweight of children born into households enrolled in conditional cash transfer programs: The case of Mexico's PROGRESA-Oportunidades.

Artemisa Flores Martinez
University of Warwick, UK

This paper uses conditional and unconditional quantile regressions to investigate whether the conditional cash transfer program PROGRESA-Oportunidades had an effect on the birthweight of babies born into enrolled households in rural Mexico. The paper finds that the program effect across the conditional birthweight distribution varies from 135 grams on birthweights at the 20th percentile to 207 grams on birthweights at the 80th percentile. The estimated program impacts on the respective unconditional birthweight quantiles are very similar. Program impacts on birthweight may thus be distributionally regressive, although positive, within the treated population.

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